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Dairy cow farming means ‘raising highly milk productive cows commercially for milk production purpose’. It’s absolutely a part of agriculture or animal husbandry, enterprise for long term milk production from cows. Commercial dairy cow farming business is not a new idea. People are raising dairy cows for milk production from the ancient time. Dairy cow farming business is still a profitable business venture throughout the world. There are numerous new and established dairy cow farms available around the world. Here we are describing more about the advantages of dairy cow farming business, and the necessary steps for starting this profitable business.

Advantages of Commercial Dairy Cow Farming Business
There are numerous advantages of starting commercial dairy cow farming business. Here we are shortly describing the main advantages of this business.

  • Milk and milk products have a huge demand throughout the world. This is the main advantages of starting dairy cow farming business.
  • Nowadays, dairy industry is one of the most appealing sectors all over the world.
  • Demands of milk will never reduce, it will increase gradually in accordance with current population growth. Even both vegetarians and non-vegetarians drink milk.
  • You don’t have to worry about marketing the products. Because it is among the traditional business and you will be able to sell your products easily.
  • Dairy cow farming business doesn’t pollute the environment, it’s eco-friendly.
  • You can start dairy production by using your family labor. It’s a good idea to properly utilize your family labor.
  • Proper business plan and good care and management can ensure maximum profits. So it can be a great source of income and employment for the unemployed educated young.
  • There are numerous highly productive dairy cows available throughout the world. You can choose any breed depending on your area and business purpose.
  • Commercial dairy cow farming business requires high capital or investment. If you don’t have enough money for investing, then you can apply for bank loans. Many govt. or non-govt. banks will allow you loans for starting this business.
  • Along with profits, you can ensure nutrition for your family members through setting up commercial dairy cow farming business.

How to Start Dairy Cow Farming Business?
Starting dairy cow farming business is not so easy. You have to go through some step by step process for making high profits from this business. Here we are shortly describing the main steps for starting a profitable dairy cow farming business. The staring process includes selecting proper breeds, housing, feeding, care & management and marketing. Also consider the followings while starting this business.

  • First of all, try to determine the purpose of your farm. Why do you want to start dairy cow farming business? Do you have enough facilities for raising cows? Do you have enough time to care of your cows? Can you manage all the facilities required for the cows?
  • It will be better, if you can visit some commercial dairy cow farms in your area. Try to understand the methods that your local farmers are using for raising dairy cows.
  • Consult with the vet, and discuss about the possibilities of dairy cow farming in your area.
  • It will be better if you can spend a few days in an established farm. You will be able to learn more about this business from the farmers.
  • Ensure that ‘you can provide the cows nutritious food throughout the year’. Visit your local market to learn more about the feeding costs. If you want to produce foods by your own, then try to reserve some foods for cold or rainy seasons.
  • In case of large scale commercial farms, employ experienced people. You can also train your workers based on the type of your farm.
  • In case of marketing, try to sell your products in your local market. It will reduce marketing or transportation costs.

Dairy Cow Breeds
There are numerous dairy cow breeds available throughout the world. You can choose any depending on your area, local facilities and your production purpose. Some famous and popular dairy cow breeds are Ayrshire, Brown Swiss, Guernsey, Gir, Holstein Friesian, Jersey, Milking Shorthorn, Red Sindhi, Sahiwal, Tharparkar etc. Consider your weather, local facilities and market demand of dairy products while selecting breeds for your dairy cow farming business.

 

Housing
For keeping your cows healthy, productive and diseases free, good housing is very important. Provide your cows required space inside the house depending on the breeds. Usually 80 square feet open space and 40 square feet space inside the house is required per cow. Although it may vary depending on the size of the breed. Make proper ventilation system, and ensure sufficient flow of fresh air and light inside the house. Concrete house is very suitable for the cows.

Feeding
Good foods ensure good health and maximum production. So always try to provide your cows adequate amount of high quality and nutritious foods to ensure proper growth and good health. Forages, which refer especially to hay or straw, are the most common type of feed used for raising dairy cows. For fulfilling energy demands, add cereal grains to the dairy cow’s feed. Greens help to maximize milk production. So add greens as much as possible to their regular foods. Greens also help to reduce feeding costs. Alfalfa, timothy, clover etc. are considered as good greens for dairy cows. If possible, make a grazing place or pasture for your cows. Along with adequate nutritious foods, ensure availability of adequate amount of clean and fresh water. Dairy cows require more water than any other animals. Because they are mainly raised for their milk production, and their milk contain a large amount of water. Usually a dairy cow require about 5 liters of water for producing 1 liter milk. So provide them sufficient amount of water according to their demand.

Care & Management
Taking good care and proper management is the main step to be successful in any animal husbandry business. So always try to take good care of your cows. Feed them nutritious food and provide sufficient amount of clean and fresh water. Vaccinate them timely, so that you can keep them free from all types of diseases or illness. If possible, always stock some necessary drugs. Keep their house clean and wash the cow regularly.

 

Milking
Select a calm and quiet place for milking your cows. It will be better, if you can manage a separate room for the cow for milking. You can both hand milk the cows and use machines for milking. Ensure you have good practices to make your cows as comfortable as possible during the time you are milking them.

Marketing
It will be better, if you set your marketing strategies before starting this business. Although dairy products have a huge demand throughout the world. There are many companies also available in many areas. You can try your local market.

Every business has some advantages and disadvantages. Commercial dairy cow farming business is not an exception. As dairy farming business is an old business idea, so it has many advantages compared to it’s disadvantages. But no doubt it’s a profitable business. For running a successful dairy cow farming business, always take good care of your animals.

THE Food and Agriculture Organization (fao) has called for doubling aquaculture output to feed the world's growing population. fao believes this would curb fish harvesting from the wild and prevent further decline of wild stocks.

Environmentalists criticized the fao saying its solution is rather simplistic. First of all, aquaculture uses small fish species as feed for the larger ones, they pointed out. The food requirement of predatory fish like tuna is very high, they said. Second, antibiotics and growth enhancing hormones are used in fish farms to increase the bulk of fish. Use of these chemicals has adverse effects on the environment and other species. Third, there is high disease incidence due to overcrowding in fish farms. "It doesn't make sense to catch fish to feed fish--you lose four to five times the weight and that's without all the infestations, fish escapes and pollution from the farms," said Willie Mackenzie of Greenpeace, one of the non-profits that have criticized fao's stand on aquaculture.

Down to Earth The protests from green groups made fao amend its statement. It later stressed aquaculture should be voluntary and sustainable. Fisheries scientists in Bangladesh suggested aquaculture could also be used as a conservation method. "We could use some wild stock for breeding purposes. The caveat is that such fish farms should not use chemicals,"

About 52 million tonnes of fish, half the amount consumed around the globe in a year, is sourced from fish farms.

The Black Bengal goat is a breed of goat found in the West Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa regions of northeastern India and throughout Bangladesh.This breed is usually colored black but it is also found in brown, white or gray. The Black Bengal goat is small in size. Its body structure is tight. Its horns are small and legs are short. An adult male goat weights about 25 to 30 kg and female 20 to 25 kg. It is poor in milk production. It is very popular in Bangladesh because of its very low demand of food and very high baby production rate. The Black Bengal goats gain sexual maturity very fast. The female goat becomes pregnant twice a year and gives birth to 2–3 baby goats every time.This breed can adapt to any environment easily and its disease preventive ability is very high. It produces high-quality meat and skin. This breed plays a very important role in reducing unemployment and poverty from Bangladesh. Goats are very fun creatures however high amounts of carrots may be

Black Bengal Goat Performance

The average body weight of adult male and female are 37 and 32 kg respectively. The age at first kidding vary from 600-650 days. Twinning is low and ranged from 10-15%. The average daily milk yield is 1.30 kg. Most flocks are stationary and reared on extensive grazing/browsing except few flocks which migrate seasonally to nearby places. No specific housing is provided.

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